Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum rode to Carthage on June 24, 1844. They were cast into this jail on June 25 on false charges of treason. On June 27 a mob with blackened faces stormed the jail. Both Joseph and Hyrum were shot to death, and John Taylor was wounded several times. Incredibly, Willard Richards was not injured. John Taylor later wrote the inspired memorial now found in Doctrine and Covenants 135.